BLT19: Nineteenth-Century Business, Labour, Temperance, & Trade Periodicals

About BLT19

BLT19 (Nineteenth-Century Business, Labour, Temperance, & Trade Periodicals) is a University of Greenwich pilot program aimed at encouraging students and educators to access and engage with digitised nineteenth-century periodicals. The initial pilot runs between 1 April and 31 July 2016. It aims to assemble a small, digital collection of nineteenth-century trade publications and teaching materials for secondary and undergraduate educators to use in their English, Media History, and History classrooms.

The project research team is led by Andrew King, Professor of English Literature and Literary Studies at the University of Greenwich. The team also includes Ann M. Hale (Senior Researcher), a PhD candidate at the University of Greenwich, and Debbie Canavan (Research Assistant), a former Greenwich MA student.

The key aims of the pilot project are:

  1. To promote the study of nineteenth-century periodicals in secondary and undergraduate classrooms;
  2. To highlight the variety of content found in historical (and particularly historical trade) periodicals, which can be used in the classroom to explore a myriad of subjects: history, literature, gender, media history, class, family life, education, literacy, labour and working conditions, and substance abuse (the major concern of Temperance);
  3. To provide pedagogical materials to allow secondary and undergraduate educators to incorporate historical periodicals into a variety of classroom contexts;
  4. To make lesser-known trade periodicals digitally available in order to encourage greater research into the nineteenth-century trade press;
  5. To expand the literary ‘canon’ not only to include periodical studies, but also to expand the study of nineteenth-century periodicals beyond the high-status literary reviews; publications associated with famous literary figures, such as Dickens; and well-known “brands” such as Punch and the Strand Magazine; and
  6. To foster enthusiasm for Victorian history, literature, culture, and periodical studies.

The BLT19 Project targets three main constituencies:

  1. Educators (Key Stages 3-5 and Undergraduate);
  2. Students (Key Stages 3-5 and Undergraduate); and
  3. Researchers and Academics.

The BLT19 Pilot Outcomes will include:

  1. An open-access website ( or hosting digitised editions of selected nineteenth-century periodicals concerned with business, labour, temperance, and trade. The pilot editions will be limited to selected volumes/issues of two publications:
    1. The British Workman (1855-1921); and
    2. The Stationery Trade Review (1855-1913).
  2. A web-based collection of teaching/pedagogical materials for secondary and undergraduate educators based upon the open-access BLT19 digitised editions:
    1. Academic Levels: Key Stages 3-5 and Undergraduate
    2. Subjects: English, History, and Media Studies
  3. A published volume of essays on the nineteenth-century business, labour, trade, and temperance press.

Schools’ Involvement with BLT19:

During the pilot phase, schools are being asked to use and evaluate the BLT19 teaching materials, which focus on English, History, and/or Media Studies. If the teacher is amenable, the research team proposes to have one member present in the class to observe how the materials are used in the classroom. Both educators and students will be asked to complete an evaluation after the teaching/observation session.

After the Pilot Project:

If the pilot is successful, we plan to expand the resource in line with the feedback we have received from users.

The BLT19 Research Team

Andrew King

Andrew King is Professor of English and Literary Studies at the University of Greenwich. His research focuses on nineteenth-century periodicals and popular fiction. In addition to having published many articles and chapters in books, he is the author of The London Journal 1845-1883: Periodicals, Production, and Gender (2004), and has edited or co-edited numerous volumes and special numbers, including Victorian Print Media (2005), Popular Print Media 1820-1900 (2005), Ouida and Victorian Popular Culture (2013), and the Routledge Handbook to Nineteenth-Century British Periodicals and Newspapers (2016). He is currently completing a literary biography of Ouida. He also blogs at

Debbie Canavan

Deborah Canavan completed an English Literature M.A. at the University of Greenwich in 2015. Her dissertation focused on the paradoxical theme of the ‘fallen woman’ in nineteenth-century literature. Deborah is a local government professional. In her spare time she is involved in the running of a craft brewery. Deborah was responsible for developing the BLT19 secondary teaching materials, collaborating with local schools and teachers, and writing essays.

Ann M. Hale

Ann M. Hale is a PhD candidate at the University of Greenwich. Her research focuses on the relationship between nineteenth-century legal periodicals and professional identity. She was awarded the 2014 Rosemary VanArsdel Prize for the best graduate student essay investigating Victorian periodicals and newspapers. The prize-winning essay, “W.T. Stead and Participatory Reader Networks,” appeared in the Spring 2015 issue of Victorian Periodicals Review. Ann holds an M.A. in English literature from the University of St. Thomas (Minnesota). She is also a graduate of the University of Minnesota Law School and a member of the State of Minnesota Bar. Ann was responsible for the BLT19 website, OCR, undergraduate teaching materials, slideshows, and several of the essays and biographies.

Fiona Snailham

Fiona Snailham is a second year PhD student at the University of Greenwich. Her thesis re-evaluates the work of the novelist and journalist Eliza Lynn Lynton, seeking to re-establish Linton’s reputation as an actor of note in the nineteenth-century literary market in order to investigate our own investment in disparaged figures in history. Fiona won a Vice-Chancellor’s scholarship and began work on her thesis in January 2016 after a career as a secondary school teacher. She holds BAs in Law (Oxford) and English (OU), and an MA in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture (Reading). Her wider research interests include the nineteenth-century novel, women in nineteenth-century journalism, Victorian periodicals, and gender studies.

Victoria Tunn

Victoria Tunn is a Graduate Project Support Officer working on BLT19. She graduated from the University of Greenwich in 2017 with a degree in History. Her dissertation investigated cultural manifestations of the witch in the nineteenth century and mapped the literary witch to evolving constructions of Victorian femininity. For BLT19 she has produced a database of trade periodicals, interviewed a variety of working professionals about their work practices, attitudes, and career trajectories, and has written a series of blog-posts based on her findings.

Connie Gallagher

Connie Gallagher is a research assistant for the Bathway Theatre Network (BTN) and Department for Literature, Language and Theatre at Greenwich University. She is also an artist and curator, whose research interests lie in labour politics, manufacturing and craft. Recent exhibitions include The Ghosts are in the House at Chopping Block Gallery (2018) and Life Between Buildings at Spinach (2016 – 17). She has also written and presented in a number of symposiums across London and the UK, most recently with the short-circuit article Occupational Realism: Reflecting on my Relationship between my Work-a-Day Job and Artistic Labour for post-graduate arts journal Dandelion.

BLT19 Contributor Credits

The initials of the primary content author are included at the end of each page or essay:

  • AK = Andrew King
  • DC = Deborah Canavan
  • AMH = Ann M. Hale
  • FS = Fiona Snailham
  • VT = Victoria Tunn
  • CG = Connie Gallagher